Introduction: Total Knee Replacement is one of the most successful procedure over last 50 years,allowing patients to live more productive and active lives free of chronic pain.
With more joint replacements performed every year and procedures extending to treat younger more active patients, there is an increase in need of Revision Total Knee Replacement.
Over a period of time the Knee Replacement may fail due to a variety of reasons. When your Knee Replacement fails, then what you need is a second surgery i.e. Revision Total Knee Replacement where your doctor will remove some or entire part of original implant and replace them with new implant.
Revision Knee Replacement is a longer and more complex procedure that requires extensive planning and specialized implants and technology to achieve the desired goals.
We at Neem tree healthcare have vastly experienced surgeons trained extensively in revision surgery and routinely dealing in Revision Knee Replacement cases with satisfactory patient outcomes.
Usually fails due to high impact activities, excessive body weight and wear of plastic spacer.
In some cases particles wear off from plastic spacer and accumulate around the joint and initiate body immune response that unfortunately attacks healthy bones around the joints and leads to osteolysis
Infection is the potential complication of any surgical procedure including Total Knee Replacement.
Infection may occur immediately afer surgery or even years later. The infected joints become stiff and swollen.
Revision in case of infection can be
It’s mainly due to injury to ligament /ligament insufficiency
Patient usually has complaint of recurrent swelling of joint and sense of giving away of knee.
Rarely, patients are unable to appropriately rehab a knee replacement after surgery and the knee will get stiff. If this is not treated within the first few months by physical therapy or a manipulation under anesthesia, the stiffness will persist. In this case, revision surgery may be necessary to remove the extensive scar tissue and/or change the components in the knee to improve the patient’s range of motion.
1) Details of previous surgery.
2) Detailed physical examination.
3) Special investigation:
During the procedure the surgeon removes the old implants and replaces them with the new revision implant. Depending on particular case, variety of revision implants may be used.
1) Unconstrained PCL retaining implant.
2) Unconstrained PCL substituting implant.
3) Constrained implant (non hinged).
4) Constrained hinged implant with rotating platform.
In some cases there may be significant bone loss around the knee and special metal blocks / augments are to be used
The possible risks and complications of revision tkr surgery include:
The majority of patients who have revision surgery experience favorable long-term outcomes, including relief from pain and increased stability and function. Complete pain relief and restoration of function is not always achievable, however, and some patients may still experience pain or knee stiffness following revision surgery.
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