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Understanding Bankart Lesion: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Recovery

25 June 2024

Understanding Bankart Lesion: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and 

Understanding Bankart Lesion: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Recovery


Bankart lesion, a type of shoulder injury, can significantly affect your daily life and range of motion. Whether you're an athlete or simply dealing with shoulder pain, understanding the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery of Bankart lesion is crucial for effective management. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into all aspects of Bankart lesion to provide you with the knowledge you need.

Causes of Bankart Lesion:

A Bankart lesion typically occurs as a result of shoulder dislocation or instability. It involves a tear or detachment of the labrum, a cartilage ring that helps stabilize the shoulder joint. The most common cause of a Bankart lesion is traumatic shoulder dislocation, often resulting from sports injuries, falls, or accidents.

Symptoms of Bankart Lesion:

The symptoms of a Bankart lesion may vary depending on the severity of the injury but commonly include:

1. Shoulder pain, especially during specific movements or activities

2. Shoulder instability or a feeling of the shoulder "slipping out" of place

3. Decreased range of motion in the shoulder joint

4. Swelling, bruising, or tenderness around the shoulder area

5. Difficulty performing daily tasks that require shoulder movement, such as reaching or lifting objects

Tips for Maintaining Proper Posture

When you consistently slouch or hunch, it can lead to chronic pain and long-term damage. Poor posture can cause:

Diagnosis of Bankart Lesion:

To diagnose a Bankart lesion, your healthcare provider will conduct a thorough physical examination of your shoulder, including assessing your range of motion and stability. Imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), or CT (computed tomography) scans may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis and evaluate the extent of the injury.

Treatment Options for Bankart Lesion:

The treatment approach for Bankart lesion depends on various factors, including the severity of the injury, your age, activity level, and overall health. Common treatment options include:

1. Conservative Treatment: For mild to moderate Bankart lesions, conservative treatments such as rest, ice therapy, pain management medications, and physical therapy may be recommended to reduce symptoms and improve shoulder strength and stability.

2. Shoulder Arthroscopy: In cases where conservative measures are ineffective or for more severe Bankart lesions, shoulder arthroscopy surgery may be necessary. This minimally invasive procedure involves repairing the torn labrum and stabilizing the shoulder joint using sutures or anchors.

3. Rehabilitation: Following surgery or as part of conservative treatment, rehabilitation plays a crucial role in restoring shoulder function and preventing recurrence of Bankart lesion. Physical therapy exercises focus on strengthening the shoulder muscles, improving range of motion, and enhancing proprioception (joint awareness).

Recovery from Bankart Lesion:

The recovery timeline for Bankart lesion varies depending on the treatment approach and individual factors. Following surgery, you may need to wear a sling for several weeks to immobilize the shoulder joint and allow the labrum to heal properly. Physical therapy typically begins shortly after surgery to gradually restore shoulder function and strength. Full recovery may take several months, and it's essential to follow your healthcare provider's recommendations and attend all scheduled follow-up appointments for optimal outcomes.


Bankart lesion can significantly impact your shoulder function and quality of life, but with proper understanding and treatment, you can overcome this challenging condition. By recognizing the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, and recovery process for Bankart lesion, you can take proactive steps towards regaining shoulder stability and returning to your usual activities pain-free. If you're experiencing shoulder pain or instability, don't hesitate to seek medical attention for timely evaluation and management of Bankart lesion.

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Dr. Pankaj Bajaj

MBBS, MCh orthopedics , DNB orthopedics , MS orthopedics

Know Your Doctor Extensive experience of more than 25 years in......read more